Santa Severina 90 km away from Cariati
Santa Severina is a medieval village in the province of Crotone, located between the Ionian sea and the Sila Mountains in the middle of a pleasant hill. The city is situated on a cliff in the middle of a huge valley and it look like a ship of stone. The great archaeologist Paolo Orsi, reached Santa Severina in the first decades of the last century. He wanted to study the most important artistic and cultural aspects of its past that has wrought its history. The great civilizations of the Mediterranean and of Europe have made the history of Santa Severina, and have left behind them traces, relics and monuments that are now heritage of all humanity. The city acquired its current name in the 9th Century. 840 the city was occupied by the Saracens and freed again 866 by Nicephorus Phocas. In 1074 the city was conquered by the Norman Robert Guiscard. The Greek quarter “Grecia” was destroyed by an earthquake in the 20th of February 1783 and was never rebuilt.
The historic center, one of the best preserved of the region, is very interesting and ideal for travels with teenagers. The Cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore was built in 1274-1295. The central portal is still preserved as in original, the other two was renewed 1705. From the dome you get into the 8th Century’s Byzantine baptistery. It was restored 1927. At the circular floor plan, later were added four annexes. The origin of the castle starts on the 11th Century. It was built by the Normans. It was the 15th Century rebuilt. At the entrance is the small church of Santa Filomena of 11th Century. It is difficult to find a place where there is a concentration of so many artistic and cultural heritage and monuments, and a wonderful historical centre, which awakes such strong emotions.
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